Tennis Elbow: Causes and Treatments

Tennis elbow affects very few people who get it mainly from playing tennis. Also called Archer’s elbow, it is a common injury caused by repetitive movement of the arm.

Tendons connect muscles to bones. Constant use of the arm in monotonous motions often causes small tears. The tendons of the elbow end tear away from the bones they are attached to on the outer side of the elbow.

Symptoms of tennis elbow:

Tennis elbow gives you severe pain in the outer part of your elbow. This pain increases day by day and gradually comes to the worst condition.
These tears lead to swelling and pain causing difficulty in:

  • Holding or picking things
  • Shaking hands
  • Opening door
  • Winding or stretching hands
  • Sharp pain while performing any arm movement

Physiotherapy for tennis elbow

If taking rest and ceasing heavy work do not reduce pain, physiotherapy treatment will surely relieve pain and restore normal movement.

Tennis Elbow: Common Causes:

  • Repetitive movement of the arm, for cooking, typing, or playing
  • Excessive gripping and carrying activities
  • Muscle strength or tight muscle
  • Soft tissues trauma or injury

Tennis Elbow Treatment:

Physiotherapy is the most important and successful treatment for Tennis elbow. It may help you in:

  • Reducing elbow pain
  • Facilitation of tissue repair
  • Restoration of normal joint
  • Improving range of motion and function of arms
  • Restoration of normal muscle strength and movement patterns
  • Normalization of your upper limb (neurodynamics)
  • Normalization of cervical joint function

Physiotherapy procedure may involve any of the following:

  • Ultrasound therapy
  • Taping
  • Dry needling
  • Muscle stretches
  • Strengthening exercises

Treatment also includes:

  • Taking rest to avoid further injury and small tears
  • Applying an ice pack to reduce swelling of the affected area
  • Use of orthotics to help in pain-free movement

An assessment done by a physiotherapist can help in discussing the best treatment based on one’s daily activities and symptoms.

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